Sistemas de comunicación de emergencia

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Douglas Schuler
Public Sphere Project (CPSR)
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Los desastres requieren atención de cada nivel de la sociedad,incluyendo individuos,familias y vecindarios,así como la de agencias y organizaciones de la ciudad,del estado,a nivel nacional e internacional. El contenido de los sistemas de comunicación de emergencia y el flujo dinámico y flexible de la información a través de ellos son esenciales en cada etapa,incluyendo la formulación de políticas,preparación,búsqueda y rescate,recuperación y reconstrucción de infraestructuras vitales.

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Project EPIC: Empowering the Public with Information in Crisis

Project EPIC, which launched in September 2009, is supported by a $2.8M grant from the US National Science Foundation. It is a multi-disciplinary, multi-university, multi-lingual research effort to support the information needs by members of the public during times of mass emergency. In this age of social media, we bring our behavioral and technical knowledge of "computer mediated communication" to the world of crisis studies and emergency response. As researchers, we are committed to careful study of socio-technical transformation and building human-centered computation. In addition to empirical observational study that requires new ways of studying massive "widescale" coordination across the internet, we conduct "action research" and employ "participatory design" oriented approaches. We aim to look beyond today's state of the art and anticipate future socio-technical change.

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Ushahidi -- website for tracking and addressing crises

From their website:

"Ushahidi, which means "testimony" in Swahili, is a website that was initially developed to map reports of violence in Kenya after the post-election fallout at the beginning of 2008. Ushahidi's roots are in the collaboration of Kenyan citizen journalists during a time of crisis. The website was used to map incidents of violence & peace efforts throughout the country based on reports submitted via the web & mobile phone. This initial deployment of Ushahidi had 45,000 users in Kenya, & was the catalyst for us realizing there was a need for a platform based on it, which could be use by others around the world. ...

Since then we have grown from an ad hoc group of volunteers to a focused organization. The team is comprised of individuals with a wide span of experience ranging from human rights work to software development. We have also built a strong team of volunteer developers in primarily in Africa, but also Europe & the U.S."

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